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Kyoto-Related Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emission Totals

DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ffe.007_V2012

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Kyoto-Related Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emission Totals
Year Annex B Countries Non Annex B Countries
Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (million metric tonnes C) Bunkers (million metric tonnes C) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (million metric tonnes C) Bunkers (million metric tonnes C)
1990 3894 90 2111 46
1991 3801 94 2299 38
1992 3750 109 2263 44
1993 3685 107 2339 48
1994 3656 107 2469 54
1995 3681 110 2570 59
1996 3704 111 2657 72
1997 3727 114 2737 74
1998 3746 118 2698 82
1999 3678 124 2718 90
2000 3725 130 2821 90
2001 3781 120 2936 92
2002 3764 128 3013 94
2003 3853 123 3347 98
2004 3888 135 3683 107
2005 3933 142 3926 106
2006 3922 147 4188 114
2007 3914 151 4381 125
2008 3873 147 4622 126
2009 3607 135 4865 131

This table shows the total of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel use and cement manufacture for those countries listed in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol and for those countries not listed in Annex B. In keeping with the convention of the IPCC methodology for calculating national greenhouse gas emissions, emissions from international bunker fuels (fuels used in international commerce) are not included in the country totals but are shown separately under the country group in which final fuel loading occurred.

Note, that the list of countries in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol differs from the list of countries in Annex I of the Framework Convention on Climate Change by the addition of Croatia, Liechtenstein, Monaco, and Slovenia and the removal of Belarus and Turkey.

We have estimated emissions for 1990 and 1991 from the republics that were formerly part of the USSR and of Yugoslavia by taking total emissions from the USSR (and Yugoslavia) for 1990 and 1991 and distributing them among the new republics in the same ratio as emissions from those republics in 1992.

Because of minor differences in the method of estimating the global total of emissions and the national totals of emissions, the sum of emissions from all countries produces a number that is less than the global total by about 2%. Consequently we have inflated the sum of emissions from all Annex B countries and the sum of emissions from all non-Annex B countries by about 2% (the value differs from year to year) so that the sum of the two values plus emissions from bunker fuels is equal to our best estimate of the global total of emissions.


Source: Gregg Marland and Tom Boden

Updated: 01/16/2013