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Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements

This manual should be cited as:
Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp. ("Guide" in one PDF file)

Translations to languages other than English are provided by volunteers on an ad hoc basis. If you would like to translate a chapter please contact Alex Kozyr at CDIAC (

Contents of the Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements:

The "Guide" - Download complete document as one PDF file

  • Errata - to the hard copy of the Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements
  • This Guide was originally prepared at the request, and with the active participation, of a science team formed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to carry out the first global survey of carbon dioxide in the oceans (DOE. 1994. Handbook of methods for the analysis of the various parameters of the carbon dioxide system in sea water; version 2, A.G. Dickson and C. Goyet, Eds. ORNL/CDIAC-74). The manual has been updated several times since, and the current version contains the most up-to-date information available on the chemistry of CO2 in sea water and the methodology of determining carbon system parameters. This revision has been made possible by the generous support of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), the Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (SCOR), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Committee (IOC) and DOE through the Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center (CDIAC).

    Any errors in the text or corrections that arise as the methods evolve can be reported to Alex Kozyr at CDIAC (

    To order a hard copy of the "Guide", please send a message with detailed mail address and number of copies you need to:

    • North and South America (except Canada) and Europe - Alex Kozyr at CDIAC (
    • Canada - James Christian at Fisheries and Oceans Canada (
    • China - Prof. Liqi Chen at Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA (
    • Japan - Toru Suzuki at Marine Information Research Center (MIRC) (
    • Korea - Prof. Kitack Lee at Pohang University of Science and Technology (
    • Russia - Pavel Tishchenko at V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (
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